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Output a binary stream from a JSPTag(s): Servlet/JSP

You can't.

From JSP, only character stream should be used.

JSP pages were designed for *text* output. The "out" object is a Writer, which means it will play games with text encoding.

For binary output, like PDF or dynamically generated GIF, it's a better idea to use a servlet.

Having said that, since a JSP will be converted to a servlet, it's possible to modifed the output stream.

You must be careful to format your JSP to emit no whitespace


<%@ page import="*" %>
<%@ page import="*" %>
<%@page contentType="image/gif" %><%
    OutputStream o = response.getOutputStream();
    InputStream is = 
      new URL("http://myserver/myimage.gif").getInputStream();
    byte[] buf = new byte[32 * 1024]; // 32k buffer
    int nRead = 0;
    while( ( != -1 ) {
        o.write(buf, 0, nRead);
    o.close();// *important* to ensure no more jsp output
Thanks to Benjamin Grant for the bug fix.

There is a trimWhiteSpaces directive that should help to remove the whitespaces form the generated JSP.

In your JSP code :

<%@ page trimDirectiveWhitespaces="true" %>
Or in the jsp-config section your web.xml
If you really have a required space in the generated JSP then you need use the HTML non-breaking space entity : &nbsp; .